Teaching Activities

Under-Graduate – Paramedical Teaching & Training in Community Medicine

UG Teaching (376 Hrs. teaching)



Theory (hrs.)

Practical (hrs.)


I & II







III (Part 1st)




Phase I (I & II Semester) Theory Syllabus :-

  • Introduction – Evolution of Community Medicine
  • Health – Definition, spectrum of health and factors affecting – indicators of health.
  • Health Problem of World – Urban and Rural – Indian Health.
  • Health Care Delivery system in India – Urban and Rural
  • Demography, Demographic cycle, Population trends – World and India.
  • Fertility and factors affecting it.
  • Family welfare and Population control.
  • Medical ethics and Doctor – patient relationship – consumer protections Act.
  • Sociology and Social factors effecting health.
  • Social Psychology – introduction, group behavior, motivation personality.
  • Economics and health
  • Health Education and Communication.
  • Hospital Management
  • Nutrition and Health
    - Constituents of food
    - Food and food groups
    - Diet planning and recommended dietary allowances.
    - Nutritional diseases.
    - Iodine deficiency disorders
    - Diseases due to vitamin and mineral imbalance.
    - Toxins in the food.
    - Assessment of Nutritional status
    - Examination

Phase – I (I & II Semester)Practical Syllabus :-

In the phase I, total 15 visits, each of 2 hours duration or total 10 visits – each of 3 hours duration (depending on distances )

  • Hospital visits, LTMMC & GH, Sion, Mumbai.
  • Urban Health Centre , Dharavi, Mumbai.
  • Rural Health Training Centre , Vaitarna, Ta-Khardi, Dist-Thane.
  • Primary Health Centre , Khardi, Dist-Thane.
  • Executive Health office (EHO), F-South Ward Office, Mumbai.
  • District Training Team (DTT) /IEC Bureau, Nr. F-South Ward Office, Mumbai.
  • Public Health Laboratory, G/North Ward Office, Mumbai.
  • District Tuberculosis Centre, Worli, Mumbai.
  • District Malaria office, Mumbai.
  • Remand home
  • Rehabilitation Centre (Manav Seva Sangh, Happy Home.)

Phase – II (III & IV Semester) Theory Syllabus

  • The concepts of disease.
  • Natural history of disease.
  • Epidemiological triad
  • Dynamics of diseases transmission
  • Concepts of disease control.
  • Epidemiology
    - Definition, types, measurements in epidemiology, epidemiological studies and clinical trial, investigation of an epidemic.
    - Uses of epidemiology
    - Screening for disease.
    - Disinfection, sterilization and control of Hospital acquired infections.
    - Immunity.
  • Environmental Health
    - Introduction to environment health.
    - Water in relation to health and disease.
    - Air pollution and ecological balance.
    - Housing and health.
    - Effects of radiation on human health (lonizing, Non-ionizing & nuclear warfare)
    - Effects of Noise on human health.
    - Meteorological environment.
    - Solid waste disposal
    - Disposal of hospital waste.
    - Liquid waste disposal.
    - Medical entomology
    - Arthropods of medical importance and their control.

 Biostatistics (Theory and Practical)

  •  Introduction and uses.
  •  Data – types, collections and presentation.
  •  Centering constants.
  •  Measures of Variation.
  •  Normal distribution
  •  Sampling methods and Sampling variability.
  •  Tests of significance
  •  SE of difference between and means.
  •  SE of difference between and proportions.
  •  X2 test (chi-square)
  •  Students ‘t’ test
  •  Statistical fallacies

Computers in Medicine

  •  There use at all the stages to be demonstrated. The students should use computers in analysis and presentation of data.

Epidemiology of communicable disease

  • Air borne infections.
  • Exanthematous fevers.
  • Chicken pox, Rubella and Measles
  • Factors responsible to eradicate small pox
  • Influenza and ARI
  • Diphtheria and Pertussis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Faeco-oral infections.
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Hepatitis
  • Enteric fever and cholera
  • Bacillary and Amoebic dysentery.
  • Soil transmitted Helminths.
  • Tetanus
  • Rabies and other Viral Zoonotic disease.
  • Leprosy
  • Malaria
  • Filariasis
  • Arthropod borne viral diseases.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases and their control.
  • A.I.D.S.

Phase II (IV Semester) Practical Syllabus

  • Posting for family care study 
    - Principle of clinical epidemiology
    - Morbidity survey
    - Data analysis and presentation
  • Posting for School Health
    - Health check-up of school children
    - Data analysis and presentation
    - Health education activities in the school by the students
  • Visit to anganwadi and ICDS scheme block
  • Visit to home for aged and discussion on geriatric health problems
  • Student’s seminars on topics like
    - Disaster management
    - Road traffic accidents
    - Population explosion etc .
  • Examination

Term End Examinations at the end of III and IV semester
Phase – III (VI & VII Semester)

Theory Syllabus

  • Community development programmes and multisectoral development.
  • Comprehensive medical care and Primary health care.
  • National Health Policy.
  • Maternal and Child Health care.
  • Epidemiology of Non-communicable diseases.
  • Occupational health.
  • Problems of adolescence including Drug dependence.
  • Geriatrics
  • Vital statistics – sources and uses, census, fertility statistics.
  • Management information system.
  • Mental health.
  • Genetics in public health.
  • Health planning and management.
  • National Health Programmes.
  • International health and voluntary health agencies. Tutorials. 

Phase – III (VI & VII Semester) Practical Syllabus

Clinical case presentation by students

  • Introduction  to infectious diseases – history taking
  • Exanthematous fever
  • Diarrhoea / cholera / dysentery
  • Tuberculosis
  • Leprosy
  • Dog – bite case
  • Tetanus
  • PUO / Enteric fever / Malaria
  • S.T.D. / AIDS
  • Hepatitis
  • Introduction to non-communicable diseases.
    Rheumatic heart disease
    obesity / diabetes 

Pattern of Examinations

  • II   Rotation Exam (20 marks)
    - Epidemiology & Biostatistics  Exercise  (10 marks)
    - Spots (10 marks)
  • III  Rotation Exam (20 marks)
    - Epidemiology & Biostatistics  Exercise  (10 marks)
    - Case viva (10 marks)
  • 4th Semester Term end Theory Exam - 60 marks
    - (MCQ – 15 marks, SAQ – 21 marks, LAQ – 24 marks)
  • 6th Semester Term end Theory exam – 60 marks
    - (MCQ – 15 marks, SAQ – 21 marks, LAQ – 24 marks)
  • Prelim. Exam- Theory exam 
    - (Paper I & II, each 60 marks each) 
    - (MCQ – 15 marks, SAQ – 21 marks, LAQ – 24 marks)
  • Prelim. exam – Practical exam (40 marks)
    - (Spots – 10 marks, Biostatistics – 10 marks, Case Viva – 10 marks, Grand Viva – 10 marks)

Marks of Internal Assessment

1st  Term

4th Semester

Theory = 60 (A)
Practical = 20 (B)

2nd Term

6th Semester

Theory = 60 (C)
Practical = 20 (D)

Preliminary Examination

7th Semester

Theory = 120 (E)
Practical = 40 (F)




Theory (20 Marks) = (A+C+E) / 12  =   240 / 12  =  20

Practical (20 Marks)  = (B+D+F) / 4 =  80 / 4  =  20
(75% Attendance & 35% of internal assessment (7 out of 20 marks each in theory & practical) is must to appear in final MUHS examination)

Syllabus of B.O.Th under Community Medicine
Total hours: 80 (Theory 80)

Course content:

  • Concept of health & disease
  • Social factors & health
  • Occupational health
  • Child survival & safe motherhood programme
  • Nutrition & health

Scheme of theory examination: Total 100 Marks

  • University exam: 80 Marks
  • Internal assessment: 20 Marks
  • Duration of papers 3 Hrs.

Pattern of exam :

  • Section – A: MCQ (1X20) – 20 Marks
  • Section – B : SAQ 3 out of 4 (3X5) – 15 Marks
    And SAQ 5 out 0f 6 (5X3) – 15 Marks
  • Section C: LAQ (2 out of 3 ) – 2 x 15 Marks

Syllabus of B.P.Th under Community Medicine

Section I: Community Health

  • General concepts & determinants of health & diseases
  • Overview of public health administration
  • Socio-economical & cultural issues related to morbidity owing to the physical disability & handicaps of structural/neuromotor & psychosomatic origin
  • Family planning
  • Mental health
  • Communicable diseases
  • Immunization programmes

Section II: Biostatistics

  • Introduction
  • Statistical data
  • Probability & sampling

Section III: Sociology

  • Introduction
  • Sociology & health
  • Socialization
  • Social groups

Syllabus of Nursing under Community Medicine

  • Health System of India
  • Health Care of the Community
  • Health Planning in India
  • Health Committee & Report
  • Health Sector Planning & Five year plan
  • National Health Policy
  • Demography
  • Fertility
  • The Family Welfare concept
  • National family welfare programme
  • Introduction biostatistics & uses
  • Sampling
  • Uses & Sources of vital statistics
  • Presentation of data
  • Role of nursing in recording of vital statistics & their utility

Available resources for UG teaching

Lecture Halls

Audio – Visual Aids

Family Studies & IEC Activities


Post-Graduate Teaching & Training in Community Medicine


The overall goal of training programme is to produce a competent public health specialist who can function as a leader of health team and is able to provide effective health care at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels.
General Objectives

General Objectives

The general objectives of the training programme in Community Medicine will be to enable a candidate to be a:

Public Health specialist to

  • Define and manage the health problems of the community, which he/she serves. He/she should be able to organize epidemiological studies to identify health problems.
  • Plan, implement and evaluate various health programs in his/her area, especially National Health, Family Welfare and disease control / eradication programmes.
  • Select, train, supervise and manage various categories of health personnel working with him/her.
  • Organize health care services, routine and for special groups and during periods of special needs such as disasters/calamities and epidemics.
  • Should update himself / herself on latest advances / developments in the field of Public Health

Teacher / Trainer to

  • Plan and conduct an educational session/ programme. He/she will be able to draw up lesson plan with details of educational objective, content, process and essential inputs.
  • Assist in development of curriculum, teaching and learning activities and methods of evaluation.
  • Assist in manpower planning and development. He/she should be able to participate in programmes for the selection, training and supervision of various cadres of health personnel

Research to

  • Plan and execute a research study including clinical trails. Use/Organize Biostatistical analysis using computers and softwares and prepare reports/papers.
  • Critically evaluate research activities
  • Make recommendations on policy and procedures.

Special Objectives

At the end of the MD program in Community Medicine the student will

  • Know the structure and functioning of the health system at the National and International levels and its historical perspectives.
  • Know the principles of nutrition, maternal health and family welfare and put the same into practice.
  • Apply the principles of Epidemiology and Biostatistics to health practice including the design and implementation of health related research studies and clinical preventive medicine trails.
  • Know the principles of Communicable and Non-communicable diseases control and assist in the implementation of National Health programmes at a program level.
  • Identify the socio-cultural dimension in Health and disease and apply this knowledge in the design and implementation of an integrated Health and development program.
  • Apply the principals of environmental and occupational health in the design of health programmes aimed at improving health status.
  • Access specific health situations in a population, plan, organize, implement and evaluate programs aimed at improving health situations.
  • Identify the health needs of the special groups within populations especially the aged, the disabled and the worker and to respond to that need.
  • Know the principles of learning and apply this knowledge in facilitating the learning process in groups of people involved in health.
  • Relate his/her knowledge of curative medicine to the improvement of the health status of a given population.
  • Identify the role of the Government, Private and Voluntary sector in health and understand the principles of innovations in health practices and research.

At the end of training programme a postgraduate student of DPH should be:

  • Able to do community diagnosis and offer community treatment by designing / Organizing, Implementing and evaluating the health services.
  • Competent to practice promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative medicine with respect to commonly encountered health problems.
  • Learn every aspect of national policies, public health laws and various national health programmes on health and devote herself / himself to its practical implementation.
  • Plan, establish and manage health care delivery at primary, secondary and tertiary level.
  • Acquire managerial/ leadership skills in area of human resources, material and resource management related to health care delivery.
  • Able to work as a leading partner in health care team and acquire proficiency in Participatory Learning for Action (PLA) techniques tools and be competent to work in a variety of health settings.
  • Acquire the skill for teaching and training of undergraduates, interns and other health care workers.
  • Develop scientific temper and possess the attitude for continued self learning by keeping abreast with latest advances in the field of public health and to seek further expertise and to purse research in the field of public health.

Course Contents for Theory:

Training Activities (for 3 years)
The entire training and the facilitation of the learning process will be aided through the following methods of learning:
  • Lecture Discussions
  • Problem Based Learing
  • Practical Demonstarions
  • Field visits – Family Studies / Clinico-Social Case Studies/ Site Visits
  • Institutional Visits
  • Seminars
  • Journal Clubs
  • Epidemiological Exercises
  • Supervised Training of undergraduates including Lesson Planning
  • Involvement in Specific Departmental Project works
  • Plan, Design, Conduct Surveys

Methods Of Monitoring:

  • Self Evaluation – Through daily Work Diary
  • Faculty Evaluation – Through scrutiny of Diary and Log Book by Head of
    Department and staff
  • Technique of skills in Pedagogy – Through lesson plans and supervised taking of classes for undergraduates
  • Skill Evaluation – through demonstration and practical and field reports
  • Knowledge Evaluation – through journal clubs, seminars and tests.

Formative Evaluation: The students will be evaluated by work diary and log book. It is mandatory to get a score of five in all items in order to get a final certification for appearing for M. D. / D.P.H.University Exam.

  • Schedule for the Posting of Residents

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  • Weekly Teaching Schedule for Residents

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  • Training Programs  Workshops Participated by the PG Students

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  • Health Education Session Conducted by the PG Students

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  • Scheme of Examination

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  • Pattern of Question Paper is same for M.D and Diploma

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  • Paper Wise Distribution of Topic - PG Courses (M.D.)

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  • Paper Wise Distribution of Topic - Diploma Course (D. P. H.)

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  • Scheme of Practical Examination

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  • Practical Scheme for M.D. (Community Medicine)

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  • Practical Scheme for D. P. H

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